The July 2012 Biggert/Waters Flood Reform was modified by Congress in March 2014 with new rules and rates effective May 1, 2014.
This will reduce the size of flood insurance rate increases to an 18% per year maximum.
It will also remove the requirement for an elevation certificate for most homes.
The legislation only affects the government run F.E.M.A. national flood insurance program.
We have a new private flood insurance company that will offer qualifying homeowners flood insurance at up to 50% lower rates with no elevation certificate required.
Relief is on the Way
The new Act repeals the Biggert-Waters provision which introduced fresh rates to older homes after the new flood maps are issued, even if they had been built in compliance with the then current flood maps. Prior to the repeal, property owners newly mapped into high risk areas would have had to either elevate their homes or face a phased 5 year increase in their rates. The new law also allows most properties to continue with their subsidized premiums instead of having to face massive rate increases when the property is sold or an existing policy lapses. Annual rate increases are there, but these are limited to a large, but hopefully bearable, 18% per year.
Another benefit of the March 14th law is that FEMA is now required to refund to policy holder who overpaid their premiums under the pre-March 14 law. Additionally, FEMA is required to minimize the number of polices where the annual premium exceeds 1% of the total cover that the policy provides.
So when is all this going to happen? As one insurance professional said “At the leisure of Congress.” That is the big uncertainty on the relief that the new Act promises.
But what about Flood Protection?
The new Act does give lawmakers time to work out a more equitable way of financing flood insurance. And it gives homeowners time to prepare for the inevitable increases in rates. But that is not enough. Under both the old and the new laws, standard flood insurance policies will only pay for physical damage to the property cause by rising wear. Coverage for the contents of the home and personal belongings needs to be purchased separately. Many older policies have contained archaic and unfair rules like one that states that in the kitchen, only the lower cabinets are covered against damage, not the upper ones. Preventing or, at least, controlling flooding is where a permanent solution lies.
In the long term, there is a need for finding a solution to the problem of water direction in the event of future flooding. The San Francisquito Creek Joint Powers Authority (JPA) has been in negotiations with the Regional Water Quality Control Board regarding flood control and protection plans. A couple of months ago, the Board denied the JPA permission to begin the project. The JPA is now trying to have the decision overturned. Until a viable solution to the flooding issue is found, delaying the inevitable flood insurance rate increases is only fighting a holding action.
And for those who think that finding a solution is not all that urgent, given this year’s drought, all that can be said to them is to recall the El Nino storms of 1998, and remind them that this year is predicted to be another El Nino year.
If you have questions about your flood/homeowners insurance policy or about insurance in general, call Insurance by Allied Brokers. We have been serving the Bay Area for over 50 years, and have been closely watching the industry and government policy changes long enough to find the best solutions for you among any given scenario. Call us now at (650) 328-1000.