Many people who have insured their homes tend to become complacent and think that they are covered, no matter what happens to the house. That is the biggest misconception. There are thousands of different types of home insurance and policy options. You should not take the nature and extent of your coverage for granted. Study your policy carefully and do not hesitate to ask your insurance agent for clarifications if you are not sure of anything. You can then modify the policy or take additional coverage to give you the protection you need.
Here are some of the coverages found on most policies and what you should know about them.
The word Dwelling refers to the house itself and any structures, like a garage, that may be attached to it. The Amount of Insurance (Or Dwelling Limit) as stated on the policy document will show the maximum amount that the insurance company will pay if your home is destroyed by causes or actions covered by the policy. Check to see id f the amount is enough to get you a new home. If not, you need to increase your coverage.
Other structures, as referred to in the policy, will mean a structure not attached to the house. This covers, sheds / barns, pool houses, standalone garages etc. The cover limit for these is separate from that of the Dwelling and is usually much lower – often around 20% of the Dwelling coverage. Check to see if the coverage you have is adequate. You can buy additional coverage if required.
The term personal property on the insurance policy refers to all your belongings in the house – furniture, clothes, appliances, electronic items and so on. Here too there will be a specific coverage limit which is typically about 75% of the Dwelling limit. You can increase the coverage by paying more. There is an important issue to note here. There are two types of protection – “actual cash vale” and “replacement cost.” If the protection is for actual cash value, depreciation will be calculated and what you get for a 5 year old refrigerator that has been destroyed will be less than the cost of buying a new one. If you are covered for replacement cost, the coverage will be for the cost of buying a new refrigerator at current prices.
Loss of Use
Where will you stay, till your home is repaired or till you find a new one? You are going to have to pay rent while continuing to pay your mortgage. The Loss of Use coverage will pay your rental expenses. There are two types of protection available.There is a payment limit that is the amount that the insurance company will pay, irrespective of how long you need to pay rent. Otherwise, if it is time based, all expenses will be paid, regardless of the amount. But the coverage is only for a specified time after which it will stop and you will not be paid anything.
In the next blog we will look at what is typically not covered by a home insurance policy.